Copper cathode is the primary raw material input for the production of copper rod for the wire and cable industry. Copper is also used in the production of brass, copper tube, copper sheet products, and found in over 450 alloys. Copper is found mainly in sulfide minerals and oxide minerals. At Kennecott Utah Copper’s Bingham Canyon Mine, the primary source of copper comes from sulfide minerals. Sulfide minerals are crushed in an in-pit crusher before being sent to Kennecott’s Copperton Concentrator. The concentrate is then pumped to Kennecott’s Garfield Smelter where flash smelting and flash converting furnaces generate copper matte and copper blister. Anodes are then cast and sent to Kennecott’s refinery. At the refinery, the anodes are plated to starter sheets in an electrolytic process to produce copper cathode.